Despite ranking in the top 30 largest countries with its 1 million square kilometers of land, Egypt is a country that is notorious for its geographic ‘distribution.’ 99% of Egypt’s population utilizes only 5% of the total land area but nearly 100% of its aquatic resources as a result of the predominantly barren ecosystem.
The lifeline of some 90 million human beings, the river Nile is the focal point of urban planning, an incredible 6,695 km gift of sustenance for Egypt and three other countries, making it the longest, and arguably most vital, river in the world.
The Nile enters Egypt a few kilometers north of a Sudanese town called Wadi Halfa through a narrow canyon that traverses sandstone and granite cliffs. The northward flowing direction of the river has thus earned Egypt’s southern border the name “Upper Egypt.” Within this stretch of the Nile is the world’s most intensive concentration of temples, tombs and palaces constructed over the span of 4,000 years.
Much like the Nile, the Red Sea coast, a once microcosm of the world that hosted sailors from far away lands, has also become a pivotal part of the country. Turquoise waves break against rocky capes and windswept beaches in the foreground of an endless mountain range, a much needed escape for the people of Cairo. The real lure here, especially for the non-locals, are the fabulous island reefs near the resort of Hurghada and the smaller settlements of Port Safaga
Visit Egypt's most popular monuments during your time at shore. Head to Hurghada Airport from the port and take a flight to Cairo.
Shop for souvenirs at the Khan Khalili bazaar before taking a back to Hurghada. Head from Safaga Port to Cairo for a 1-day tour of Egypt’s popular monuments See the Great Pyramids, the Sphinx, Valley Temple, and the Egyptian Museum Sample the cuisine at a local restaurant and shop for gifts at the bazaar All entrance fees, lunch, snacks, guide, flights, and transport are included
Read more about Safaga Port to Giza Pyramids, Egyptian Museum Shore
They say you can see the Pyramids from space, Egypt looks like a mass of yellow cut through by a thin strip of green, running from the southern border with Sudan, until it reaches the Mediterranean via the Nile Delta. The yellow of the sand is of course desert, and the strip of green is the Nile Valley, home to over 90 percent of Egypt’s population of almost 80 million.
It was along this valley that a mighty kingdom flourished for over 3,000 years. Preserved by the country’s hot, dry climate and often buried by the sands, many of Ancient Egypt’s tombs, temples and Pyramids have survived, and are a major draw to the country.
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Egypt enjoys a geographical location, moderate climate during the whole year-round, its smooth vast coastlines, and beaches with its unique treasures of coral reefs, which invest Egypt with advantages that guarantee a competitive edge.
Egypt enjoys various fields of tourism; the most important are archaeological or cultural tourism as one of the oldest types of tourism in Egypt, where the ancient civilizations are visible to the naked eye, an incarnation of the nations that constructed these civilizations since the dawn of history. Despite the multiple types of tourism, and Egypt's cultural tourism remains the unrepeated, unique and non-competitive component of tourism as Egypt possesses one third of the world's known monuments.
In addition to these types of tourism, "Diving Centres Tourism" represents a tourist activity that attracts large number of tourists. Sharm El Sheikh is one of the largest diving centres in the world because of its potential environment and unique diversified nature which leads Sharm El Sheikh to be one of the major centres for attracting domestic and international tourism, in addition to being a resort for armatures fishing, tourism and diving.
The largest tourist centre on Egypt’s Red Sea coast is Hurghada. Being just outside the Gulf of Suez, the corals grow well, attracting marvellous marine life. This is the fun centre of Egypt, where you sometimes have to remind yourself that you are in a Muslim country.
The development of this town in the last two decades has been incredible, and there seems to be no end to the amount of expansion both north and south.
Hurghadah can now be regarded as three separate suburbs – the old downtown (known as Ad Dahar), the new downtown (now called Sakala) and the developed strip running south along the coast for over 20km (12 miles), known as New Hurghada.
The main attraction of visiting Hurghada is the incredible diving. For more on some of the world's best diving, we can offer some amazing dives..
One of the most dramatic and pleasant tourist developments in the area is the huge Al Gouna project about 20 km (12 miles) north of Hurghada, now one of the Red Sea’s premier destinations.
The vision of an Egyptian entrepreneur, it was planned as a self-contained community served by its own little airstrip, where everything would be done at an easy pace, to a high standard.
A series of natural and man-made lagoons break up the coastline into small islands and peninsulas, whilst lush gardens and an 18-hole golf course have been skilfully landscaped out of the barren desert sands.
Wealthy Egyptians, Gulf Arabs and Europeans have bought the expensive beachfront villas, whilst visitors can stay in one of the many attractive hotels ranging from three to five stars
The southernmost part of the Red Sea coast is just starting to be discovered. Central to this development is the new Marsa’ Alam international airport, actually 50km (30 miles) north of the town, which opened in 2006, with the majority of flights arriving from Italy.
This far south almost all of the coastline has fringing reef only a few metres from the beach, so shore or beach diving is more popular here than relying on dive boats.
Some European divers are put off by this, but many of the shore sites here are just as good as those you would have to get on an expensive boat to elsewhere.
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